Climate change

The European Union trough  the Climate and Energy Package, approved definitely in 2009, has confirmed its international commitment to combat against climate change with the target to reduce at least 20% of their CO2 emissions with a major  use of renewable sources and energy efficiency.  This objective can be achieved only with the involvement of local governments : to achieve this target it’s fundamental to act simultaneously at all levels of government: international agreements until the local policies of single municipalities can, through concrete actions, to summarize the results.

Between the different voluntary tools chosen by local government the  Covenant of Mayorsis the most common : on 5,682 European Municipalities members, the Italian Municipalities in August 2015 were 3,565 for a total population of 38,138,757 inhabitants ( circa 65% of the national total population).

The 'Covenant of Mayors’ means for the local government to assume the commitment to reduce air emissions  on the territory at least of 20% in 2020 , adopting  a Sustainable Energy Action Plan (SEAP) that contains the estimate of the emissions produced  and measures to reduce them. Many of these measures are related to transport, renewable energy sources, urban planning, the information and ICT.

One  of the priority that come out from all SEAP Countries  is the importance of the building sector for reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions, due the fact that this sector is responsible for 40% of total energy consumption.

The importance and originality of the SEAP is the attempt  by the municipalities, to identify a series of measures, toward mainly to the existing building, which could be an input for the energetic improvement actions produced by single person.

Although it is a global issue, climate change has a very local impacts on natural systems and the socio-economic sectors for each city or community in the world. In order to face this issues and avoid to  pay an high price in terms of environmental damage, loss of life and economic costs, the cities must change their social, environmental and economic environmental models to develop an adequate resilience  to face the emerging challenges.

In this context it is important to understand the changes that will happen in the future, although with an inevitable degree of  uncertainty, because it can represents a starting point for the policies of climate change adaptation , to reduce the territorial and socio-economic vulnerability  and exploit every opportunities that could emerge.